Towards Haptically-enhanced widgets Based on a User Interface Description Language

There has been much work to offer an audio rendering of web pages to blind users, but even the best audio rendering engines still suffer from some intrinsic limitations such as:
-sequential navigation
-long processing time
-difficult navigation within a long page or across web pages
-audio rendering only works when HTML is well-formed
ACM Press, New York
Proc. of Workshop on Multimodal Interaction Through Haptic Feedback